Business Analyst Job Description: 8 Things You Need To Know
In this article, we will talk about the business analyst role in a project. So let’s get started.
What is business analyst job description?
The BA role can be described in several main tasks.
First, a business analyst learn and understand the business problem. Then they work with the business users to identify the business needs and define the project scope. Then comes the core of the be a role, in eliciting analyzing and communicating requirements. Lastly, the BA verifies that the gathered requirements meet the project needs.
Now let’s look closely at these tasks.
1. Understand The Problem/Opportunity
The first step is understanding the problem or the opportunity. In order to define a solution to a business problem, the BA needs to study the product or service provided by the organization.
In this phase, we also define the target customers and the project stakeholders.
2. Identifying the business needs or solutions
The needs are high-level goals of the project, which will be later segregated into more detailed requirements. In this phase, the BA communicates with the customers to gather their needs and understand why they want this project.
This step can also be called creating the business case.
3. Defining the project scope
In this phase, the business analyst walks with the project manager and the project team in defining the scope. The scope is a high-level description of the project goals, risks, assumptions, business processes, and all parties included in the project.
4. Requirements elicitation
Like I said this is the core task of the business analyst role. Now let’s take a look at some of the requirements elicitation techniques.
This is a very powerful technique. It allows the SME (subject matter expert) to explain exactly what the requirements are, and helps you understand the whole concept of the project.
Focus groups are similar to interviews. It is very useful to get a group of people in one room to discuss their requirements with each other and try to find a solution.
Questionnaires and Surveys
Another useful technique is to send out a questionnaire or survey to your stakeholders. This could be in any form email Google form or any other tool.
There are other popular elicitation techniques like observation or job shadowing.
5. Analyzing requirements
After requirements are gathered, the BIA needs to prioritize, categorize, validate these requirements and many more.
As each requirement is analyzed, it generally leads to further questions which require the analyst to probe further until all relevant issues are cleared.
6. Requirements documentation
This is when the BA documents all the information gathered and produces the BA deliverables, like BRD (Business Requirement Doc), process flows, UML diagrams, and other documentation.
7. Requirements communication
Requirements communication is an important skill for the business analyst, where he or she will be working to bring different stakeholders and implementers of the project to a common understanding of the requirements, and to get their buy-in on the final solution.
8. Verifying that the implemented solution meets the requirements
After the requirements handoff to the technical team, the BA works for ensuring that the technical design meets the business requirements, the usability of the developed software meets the project goals, and the final product passes quality assurance test and user acceptance
Now it’s obvious that the business analyst plays a crucial role in the success of any project, from the start to the finish.
The BA role is very important to ensure that the solution produced means the business goals of all stakeholders involved.
The business analyst is one of the most important fast-growing roles in corporate America today. What it does is, it is a role that has to understand the big picture of everything you do as an organization. So they have to understand how one product ties into another, and about what the expectations for functionality from a new system would be for the business.
So they’re really the voice of the corporate goals and objectives, and they have to be able to analyze when somebody hand you a project and says go figure this out.
What do they mean? How do I understand what that means from a value perspective to the organization? What are the requirements to get it done? Why did we choose this project over another one? And how will what I’m working on impact everything else that’s going on?
Those are questions you need to answer as a business analyst.
For a business analyst, one of the things about the role is because it’s so new it means that sometimes we don’t know exactly what the standards are. That’s why, you need to keep your knowledge up to date.